An interesting central point though I suspect the reality is not quite as clear-cut as you imply (Christian dogma wasn't always reflected 100% in the actual practices of Christian societies, for example).

I'm also not sure why you focus on the eastern Roman Empire - Christianity was well-entrenched in the western Empire too.

But overall it is a persuasive argument, that where fluidity in gender/sexuality existed (and again I'm not convinced it was EVERYWHERE, let alone on a very large scale) it was often suppressed by Christian norms.

Of course today some of the least tolerant religious groups toward variations in sexuality are Christianised non-Europeans, but that's another story.

Barnaby is a journalist based in Suffolk, UK. By day he covers science and public policy; by night, film and classical music. He has also been a cinema manager.

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